Specialist for lungs – Pulmonologist | Preventive HealthcarePulmonology is a branch of medicine that focuses on treating respiratory diseases and conditions. If you have ever experienced breathing difficulties, coughing, or chronic bronchitis, you may have been referred to a pulmonologist. However, many people may not know what the role of a pulmonologist entails. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss everything you need to know about what does a pulmonologist do.


What is a Pulmonologist?


A Pulmonologist is a medical specialist who diagnoses and treats respiratory system-related diseases and conditions. They are experts in treating nearly all respiratory problems, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, sleep apnea, and other chest infections.


Diagnosing Respiratory Problems


Pulmonologists are responsible for diagnosing respiratory problems after conducting a proper clinical examination of a patient’s medical history. They usually perform various tests such as chest x-rays, pulmonary function tests, CT scans, and bronchoscopy. These tests provide a clear picture of a patient’s respiratory system, allowing the pulmonologist to identify the root cause of the problem.


Treating Respiratory Problems


Pulmonologists have expertise in treating respiratory problems. Depending on the diagnosis, pulmonary specialists will recommend the best treatment plan tailored specifically to a patient’s needs. They prescribe medications, including inhalers and steroids, to help manage breathing difficulties caused by asthma, COPD, and other conditions. Additionally, they may provide antibiotics to treat respiratory infections and oxygen therapy for patients who have difficulty breathing.


Collaborating with Other Medical Professionals


Pulmonologists collaborate with other medical specialists, including primary care physicians, oncologists, and radiologists, to provide the best care to patients. They work together to develop a comprehensive treatment plan with the ultimate goal of improving a patient’s respiratory health.


Importance of Lung Cancer Screening


One of the most important roles of pulmonologists is conducting lung cancer screening, which is essential for detecting lung cancer in its early stages. Lung cancer screening is recommended for people who are at high risk of developing lung cancer, such as smokers, former smokers, and people with a family history of lung cancer. Pulmonologists use different techniques such as low-dose computed tomography (CT) to identify early signs of cancer, and in some cases, they may also use a biopsy to confirm a diagnosis.




In conclusion, pulmonologists play a crucial role in helping diagnose and treat respiratory-related diseases and conditions. They perform various diagnostic tests to identify common respiratory problems such as asthma, COPD, and lung cancer, allowing them to provide the best possible care to their patients. Additionally, lung cancer screening is an essential service that pulmonologists offer, ensuring early detection of this deadly disease. If you are experiencing any respiratory issues, be sure to consult a pulmonologist for proper care and treatment. They remain one of the most important medical professionals in respiratory health, and their expertise in the field is highly specialized. So if you have trouble breathing or any other respiratory issues, don’t hesitate to reach out to a pulmonologist.